Resource and Development
MCQs, Q & AQ1: MCQs
(i) Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore?
Answer: (d) Non-renewable
(ii) Under which of the following type of resource can tidal energy be put?
Answer: (a) Replenishable
(iii) Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?(a) Intensive cultivation
(c) Over irrigation
Answer: (c) Over irrigation
(iv) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practiced?
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(d) Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal)
Answer: (d) Uttaranchal
(v) In which of the following states is black soil found?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
Answer: (b) Gujarat
Q2: Classify resources based on ownership along with examples.
Q3: Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it.
Answer: The three states having black soil are:
- Western Madhya Pradesh
Q4: Describe three stages of resource planning?
Answer: Resource planning involve the following stages:
- Identification and keeping inventory of resources across regions of the country.
- Evolve a well planned structure endowed with right technology, skills and
institutional set up for implementing resource development plans.
- Matching the resources development plans with over all national development
main features of this type of soil.
Answer: The soil found in river deltas of the eastern coast is Alluvial Soil and its main features are:
- Alluvial soil consists of various portions of sand, silt and clay. In river valleys soil particle appear somewhat bigger in size.
- In the upper reaches of the river valley i.e. near the place of the break of slope, the soils are coarse. Such soils are more common in piedmont plains such as Duars, Chos and Terai.
- Apart from the size of their grains, soils are also described on the basis of their age. According to their age, alluvial soils can be classified as: old alluvial (Bangar) and new alluvial (Khadar).
The bangar soil has higher concentration of kanker nodules than the Khadar. Khadar has more fine particles and is more fertile than the bangar.
- Alluvial soils contain adequate proportion of potash, phosphoric acid and lime which are ideal for the growth of sugarcane, paddy, wheat and other cereal and pulse crops.
- Alluvial Soil
- Black Soil
- Red Soil
- Laterite Soil
- Arid Soil
- Desert Soil
Answer: Black Soil
Q8: What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in hilly areas?
Answer: Steps taken to control soil erosion in hilly regions are:
- Terrace Farming: Making terraces or steps along a slope of mountains is called terrace farming. Terrace cultivation restricts erosion and have been well developed in Western and central Himalayas.
- Contour Farming: Ploughing horizontally along the contour lines can decelerate the flow of water down the slope and helps in minimizing soil erosion.
Answer: Resources on the basis of origin are classified as biotic and abiotic resources.
Q10: Mention the most satisfactory feature of landuse pattern of our country.
Answer: The most satisfactory feature of landuse pattern of our country is the Barren and Waste land has reduced from 12.01 % (1960-61) to 6.29% (2002-03).
Q11: Which is the most unsatisfactory feature of our landuse pattern of our country?
Answer: Forest area in the country is far lower than the desired 33 per cent of geographical area, as it was outlined in the National Forest Policy (1952).
Q12: Why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
Answer: Large scale development projects, industrialization, urbanization, quarrying and agricultural expansion have widely reduced forests in various parts of our country. Though afforestation and social forestry measures have been adopted, it has led to a marginal increase in forest area.
Q13: What is the importance of resource planning for India?
Answer: Importance of resource planning in India for the following reasons:
- For judicious and optimum use of resources.
- There is an enormous diversity in the availability of resources requiring well defined strategy.
- There are regions which are rich in certain types of resources but are deficient in some other resources.
Answer: Resources are vital for human survival. unfortunately indiscriminate use of resources by humans has led to the following problems:
- Depletion of resources for satisfying greed of few individuals.
- Accumulation of resources in few hands which in turn divide the society in two segments i.e. have and have nots (rich and poor).
- Indiscriminate exploitation of resources has led to global ecological crisis like global warming, floods, ozone layer depletion, rising levels of pollution and land degradation.
(a) Resource (b) Soil Erosion (c) Badland
(a) Resource: Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'Resource'
(b) Soil Erosion: The denudation of the soil cover and subsequent washing down is described as soil erosion.
(c) Bad land: The running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. The land thus becomes unfit for cultivation and is known as bad land.